• Comparing nutrient reference concentrations in Nordic countries with focus on lowland rivers 

      Skarbøvik, Eva; Aroviita, Jukka; Fölster, Jens; Lyche Solheim, Anne; Kyllmar, Katarina; Rankinen, Katri; Kronvang, Brian (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020-09-15)
      Reference conditions of water bodies are defined as the natural or minimal anthropogenically disturbed state. We compared the methods for determining total phosphorus and total nitrogen concentrations in rivers in Finland, ...
    • Land-use dominates climate controls on nitrogen and phosphorus export from managed and natural Nordic headwater catchments 

      de Wit, Heleen A; Lepistö, Ahti; Marttila, Hannu; Wenng, Hannah; Bechmann, Marianne; Blicher-Mathiesen, Gitte; Eklöf, Karin; Futter, Martyn N.; Kortelainen, Pirkko; Kronvang, Brian; Kyllmar, Katarina; Rakovic, Jelena (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020-10)
      Agricultural, forestry‐impacted and natural catchments are all vectors of nutrient loading in the Nordic countries. Here, we present concentrations and fluxes of total nitrogen (totN) and phosphorus (totP) from 69 Nordic ...
    • Potential impacts of a future Nordic bioeconomy on surface water quality 

      Marttila, Hannu; Lepistö, Ahti; Tolvanen, Anne; Bechmann, Marianne; Kyllmar, Katarina; Juutinen, Artti; Wenng, Hannah Tabea; Skarbøvik, Eva; Futter, Martyn; Kortelainen, Pirkko; Rankinen, Katri; Hellsten, Seppo; Kløve, Bjørn; Kronvang, Brian; Kaste, Øyvind; Solheim, Anne Lyche; Bhattacharjee, Joy; Rakovic, Jelena; de Wit, Heleen (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020-09-12)
      Nordic water bodies face multiple stressors due to human activities, generating diffuse loading and climate change. The ‘green shift’ towards a bio-based economy poses new demands and increased pressure on the environment. ...