Now showing items 95-114 of 1040

    • Balanced fertigation and improved sustainability of June bearing strawberry cultivated three years in open polytunnel. 

      Nestby, Rolf; Guéry, Sebastien (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017-08-18)
      OBJECT: Improved precision fertilization by introducing sensors and remote control to secure fruit yield and reduce nutrient leaching in soil culture. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We broadcasted before bedding and mulching ...
    • Balancing public goods in agriculture through safe minimum standards 

      Bullock, David S.; Mittenzwei, Klaus; Wangsness, Paal Brevik (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016-08-05)
      We develop a general framework in which public goods are conflicting (complementary) if an increase in the provision of one public good raises (lowers) the marginal cost of providing another public good. The framework is ...
    • Bark beetle outbreaks in Europe: state of knowledge and ways forward for management 

      Hlásny, Tomáš; König, Louis; Krokene, Paal; Lindner, Marcus; Montagné-Huck, Claire; Müller, Jörg; Qin, Hua; Raffa, Kenneth F.; Schelhaas, Mart-Jan; Svoboda, Miroslav; Viiri, Heli; Seidl, Rupert (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021-07-28)
      Purpose of Review Outbreaks of tree-killing bark beetles have reached unprecedented levels in conifer forests in the northern hemisphere and are expected to further intensify due to climate change. In parts of Europe, bark ...
    • Bark Beetle Population Dynamics in the Anthropocene: Challenges and Solutions 

      Biedermann, Peter H.W.; Müller, Jörg; Grégoire, Jean-Claude; Gruppe, Axel; Hagge, Jonas; Hammerbacher, Almuth; Hofstetter, Richard W.; Kandasamy, Dineshkumar; Kolarik, Miroslav; Kostovcik, Martin; Krokene, Paal; Sallé, Aurélien; Six, Diana L.; Turrini, Tabea; Vanderpool, Dan; Wingfield, Michael J.; Bässler, Claus (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Tree-killing bark beetles are the most economically important insects in conifer forests worldwide. However, despite >200 years of research, the drivers of population eruptions and crashes are still not fully understood ...
    • Bark Beetle-Associated Blue-Stain Fungi Increase Antioxidant Enzyme Activities and Monoterpene Concentrations in Pinus yunnanensis 

      Pan, Yue; Zhao, Tao; Krokene, Paal; Yu, Ze-fen; Qiao, Min; Lu, Jun; Chen, Peng; Ye, Hui (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018-11-27)
      Yunnan pine is the most important tree species in SW China in both economical and ecological terms, but it is often killed by pine shoot beetles (Tomicus spp.). Tomicus beetles are secondary pests in temperate regions and ...
    • Base-Editing-Mediated Artificial Evolution of OsALS1 In Planta to Develop Novel Herbicide-Tolerant Rice Germplasms 

      Kuang, Yongjie; Li, Shaofang; Ren, Bin; Yan, Fang; Spetz, Carl; Li, Xiangju; Zhou, Xueping; Zhou, Huanbin (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020-04-06)
      Recently developed CRISPR-mediated base editors, which enable the generation of numerous nucleotide changes in target genomic regions, have been widely adopted for gene correction and generation of crop germplasms containing ...
    • A basic model to predict enteric methane emission from dairy cows and its application to update operational models for the national inventory in Norway 

      Niu, Puchun; Schwarm, Angela Dagmar; Bonesmo, Helge; Kidane, Alemayehu; Åby, Bente Aspeholen; Storlien, Tonje Marie; Kreuzer, Michael; Alvarez Flores, Maria Clementina; Sommerseth, Jon Kristian; Prestløkken, Egil (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021-06-25)
      Many techniques exist to quantify enteric methane (CH4) emissions from dairy cows. Since measurement on the entire national cow populations is not possible, it is necessary to use estimates for national inventory reporting. ...
    • Belowground Biodiversity Relates Positively to Ecosystem Services of European Forests 

      Bakker, Mark R.; Brunner, Ivano; Ashwood, Francis; Bjarnadottir, Brynhildur; Bolger, Tom; Børja, Isabella; Carnol, Monique; Cudlin, Pavel; Dalsgaard, Lise; Erktan, Amandine; Godbold, Douglas; Kraigher, Hojka; Meier, Ina C.; Merino-Martín, Luis; Motiejunaite, Jurga; Mrak, Tanja; Oddsdóttir, Edda S.; Ostonen, Ivika; Pennanen, Taina L.; Püttsepp, Ülle; Suz, Laura M.; Vanguelova, Elena I.; Vesterdal, Lars; Soudzilovskaia, Nadejda A. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019-03-19)
      Biodiversity of ecosystems is an important driver for the supply of ecosystem services to people. Soils often have a larger biodiversity per unit surface area than what can be observed aboveground. Here, we present what ...
    • Benchmarking plant diversity of Palaearctic grasslands and other open habitats 

      Biurrun, Idoia; Pielech, Remigiusz; Dembicz, Iwona; Gillet, François; Kozub, Łukasz; Marcenó, Corrado; Reitalu, Triin; Van Meerbeek, Koenraad; Guarino, Riccardo; Chytrý, Milan; Pakeman, Robin J; Preislerová, Zdenka; Axmanová, Irena; Burrascano, Sabina; Bartha, Sándor; Boch, Steffen; Bruun, Hans Henrik; Conradi, Timo; De Frenne, Pieter; Essl, Franz; Filibeck, Goffredo; Hájek, Michal; Jiménez-Alfaro, Borja; Kuzemko, Anna; Molnár, Zsolt; Pärtel, Meelis; Pätsch, Ricarda; Prentice, Honor C.; Roleček, Jan; Sutcliffe, Laura M. E.; Terzi, Massimo; Winkler, Manuela; Wu, Jianshuang; Acíc, Svetlana; Acosta, Alicia T.R.; Afif, Elias; Akasaka, Munemitsu; Alatalo, Juha M.; Aleffi, Michele; Aleksanyan, Alla; Ali, Arshad; Apostolova, Iva; Ashouri, Parvaneh; Bátori, Zoltán; Baumann, Esther; Becker, Thomas; Belonovskaya, Elena; Benito Alonso, José Luis; Berastegi, Asun; Bergamini, Ariel; Bhatta, Kuber Prasad; Bonini, Ilaria; Büchler, Marc-Olivier; Budzhak, Vasyl; Bueno, Alvaro; Buldrini, Fabrizio; Campos, Juan Antonio; Cancellieri, Laura; Carboni, Marta; Ceulemans, Tobias; Chiarucci, Alessandro; Chocarro, Cristina; Conti, Luisa; Csergő, Anna Mária; Cykowska-Marzencka, Beata; Czarniecka-Wiera, Marta; Czarnocka-Cieciura, Marta; Czortek, Patryk; Danihelka, Jiří; de Bello, Francesco; Deák, Balázs; Demeter, László; Deng, Lei; Diekmann, Martin; Doležal, Jiří; Dolnik, Christian; Dřevojan, Pavel; Duprè, Cecilia; Ecker, Klaus; Ejtehadi, Hamid; Erschbamer, Brigitta; Etayo, Javier; Etzold, Jonathan; Farkas, Tünde; Farzam, Mohammad; Fayvush, George; Calzado, Maria Rosa Fernández; Finckh, Manfred; Fjellstad, Wendy Jane; Fotiadis, Georgios; García-Magro, Daniel; García-Mijangos, Itziar; Gavilán, Rosario G.; Germany, Markus; Ghafari, Sahar; Giusso del Galdo, Gian Pietro; Grytnes, John Arvid; Güler, Behlul; Gutiérrez-Girón, Alba; Helm, Aveliina; Herrera, Mercedes; Hüllbusch, Elisabeth M.; Ingerpuu, Nele; Jagerbrand, Annika; Jandt, Ute; Janišová, Monika; Jeanneret, Philippe; Jeltsch, Florian; Jensen, Kai; Jentsch, Anke; Kącki, Zygmunt; Kakinuma, Kaoru; Kapfer, Jutta; Kargar, Mansoureh; Kelemen, András; Kiehl, Kathrin; Kirschner, Philipp; Koyama, Asuka; Langer, Nancy; Lazzaro, Lorenzo; Lepš, Jan; Li, Ching-Feng; Yonghong Li, Frank; Liendo, Diego; Lindborg, Regina; Löbel, Swantje; Lomba, Angela; Lososová, Zdeňka; Lustyk, Pavel; Luzuriaga, Arantzazu L.; Ma, Wenhong; Maccherini, Simona; Magnes, Martin; Malicki, Marek; Manthey, Michael; Mardari, Constantin; May, Felix; Mayrhofer, Helmut; Meier, Eliane S.; Memariani, Farshid; Merunková, Kristina; Michelsen, Ottar; Mesa, Joaquín Molero; Moradi, Halime; Moysiyenko, Ivan; Mugnai, Michele; Naqinezhad, Alireza; Natcheva, Rayna; Ninot, Josep M.; Nobis, Marcin; Noroozi, Jalil; Nowak, Arkadiusz; Onipchenko, Vladimir; Palpurina, Salza; Pauli, Harald; Pedashenko, Hristo; Pedersen, Christian; Peet, Robert K.; Pérez-Haase, Aaron; Peters, Jan; Pipenbaher, Nataša; Pirini, Chrisoula; Pladevall-Izard, Eulàlia; Plesková, Zuzana; Potenza, Giovanna; Rahmanian, Soroor; Rodríguez-Rojo, Maria Pilar; Ronkin, Vladimir; Rosati, Leonardo; Ruprecht, Eszter; Rusina, Solvita; Sabovljević, Marko; Sanaei, Anvar; Sánchez, Ana M.; Santi, Francesco; Savchenko, Galina; Sebastia, Maria Teresa; Shyriaieva, Dariia; Silva, Vasco; Skornik, Sonja; Šmerdová, Eva; Sonkoly, Judit; Sperandii, Marta Gaia; Staniaszek-Kik, Monika; Stevens, Carly; Stifter, Simon; Suchrow, Sigrid; Swacha, Grzegorz; Świerszcz, Sebastian; Talebi, Amir; Teleki, Balázs; Tichý, Lubomír; Tölgyesi, Csaba; Torca, Marta; Török, Péter; Tsarevskaya, Nadezda; Tsiripidis, Ioannis; Turisová, Ingrid; Ushimaru, Atushi; Valkó, Orsolya; Van Mechelen, Carmen; Vanneste, Thomas; Vasheniak, Iuliia; Vassilev, Kiril; Viciani, Daniele; Villar, Luis; Virtanen, Risto; Vitasović-Kosić, Ivana; Vojtkó, András; Vynokurov, Denys; Waldén, Emelie; Wang, Yun; Weiser, Frank; Wen, Lu; Wesche, Karsten; White, Hannah; Widmer, Stefan; Wolfrum, Sebastian; Wróbel, Anna; Yuan, Zuoqiang; Zelený, David; Zhao, Liqing; Dengler, Jürgen (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021-06-22)
      Aims Understanding fine-grain diversity patterns across large spatial extents is fundamental for macroecological research and biodiversity conservation. Using the GrassPlot database, we provide benchmarks of fine-grain ...
    • Bicarbonate for microalgae cultivation: a case study in a chlorophyte, Tetradesmus wisconsinensis isolated from a Norwegian lake 

      Umetani, Ikumi; Wakjera, Eshetu Janka; Sposób, Michal; Hulatt, Christopher Jonathan; Kleiven, Synne; Bakke, Rune (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021-03-26)
      Bicarbonate was evaluated as an alternative carbon source for a green microalga, Tetradesmus wisconsinensis, isolated from Lake Norsjø in Norway. Photosynthesis, growth, and lipid production were studied using four inorganic ...
    • Bilberry seed production explains spatiotemporal synchronicity in bank vole population fluctuations in Norway 

      Selås, Vidar; Framstad, Erik; Rolstad, Jørund; Sonerud, Geir Andreas; Spidsø, Tor K.; Wegge, Per (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021-01-12)
      Population fluctuations of small rodents are often synchronized over larger areas (>100 km) than what could be explained by dispersal, suggesting that the synchronizing factor is weather-related and possibly mediated through ...
    • Bio-economic evaluation of greenhouse designs for seasonal tomato production in Norway 

      Naseer, Muhammad; Persson, Tomas; Righini, Isabella; Stanghellini, Cecilia; Maessen, Hendricus; Verheul, Michel J. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021-11-20)
      Greenhouses are complex systems whose size, shape, construction material, and equipment for climate control, lighting and heating can vary largely. The greenhouse design can, together with the outdoor weather conditions, ...
    • Bioactive peptides from microalgae: Focus on anti-cancer and immunomodulating activity 

      Skjånes, Kari; Aesoy, Reidun; Herfindal, Lars; Skomedal, Hanne (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021-06-03)
      In addition to the rapidly expanding field of using microalgae for food and feed, microalgae represent a tremendous potential for new bioactive compounds with health-promoting effects. One field where new therapeutics is ...
    • Biochar affects heavy metal uptake in plants through interactions in the Rhizosphere 

      Medynska-Juraszek, Agnieszka; Rivier, Pierre-Adrien; Rasse, Daniel; Joner, Erik (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020-07-24)
      Heavy metals in soil pose a constant risk for animals and humans when entering their food chains, and limited means are available to reduce plant accumulation from more or less polluted soils. Biochar, which is made by ...
    • Biochar as a tool to reduce the agricultural greenhouse-gas burden – knowns, unknowns and future research needs 

      Kammann, Claudia; Ippolito, Jim; Hagemann, Nikolas; Borchard, Nils; Cayuela, Maria Luz; Estavillo, José M.; Fuertes-Mendizabal, Teresa; Jeffery, Simon; Kern, Jürgen; Novak, Jeff; Rasse, Daniel; Saarnio, Sanna; Schmidt, Hans-Peter; Spokas, Kurt; Wrage-Mönnig, Nicole (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Agriculture and land use change has significantly increased atmospheric emissions of the non-CO2 green-house gases (GHG) nitrous oxide (N2O) and methane (CH4). Since human nutritional and bioenergy needs continue to increase, ...
    • Biochar persistence, priming and microbial responses to pyrolysis temperature series 

      Budai, Alice; Rasse, Daniel; Lagomarsino, Alessandra; Lerch, Thomas Z.; Paruch, Lisa (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Biochar and its properties can be significantly altered according to how it is produced, and this has ramifications towards how biochar behaves once added to soil. We produced biochars from corncob and miscanthus straw via ...
    • Biogas production from food waste via co-digestion and digestion-effects on performance and microbial ecology 

      Zamanzadeh, Mirzaman; Hagen, Live Heldal; Svensson, Kine; Linjordet, Roar; Horn, Svein Jarle (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017-12-15)
      In this work, performance and microbial structure of a digestion (food waste-only) and a co-digestion process (mixture of cow manure and food waste) were studied at mesophilic (37°C) and thermophilic (55°C) temperatures. ...
    • Bioinformatic characterisation of the effector repertoire of the strawberry pathogen Phytophthora cactorum 

      Armitage, Andrew D.; Lysøe, Erik; Nellist, Charlotte F.; Lewis, Laura A.; Cano, Liliana M.; Harrison, Richard J.; Brurberg, May Bente (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018-10-02)
      The oomycete pathogen Phytophthora cactorum causes crown rot, a major disease of cultivated strawberry. We report the draft genome of P. cactorum isolate 10300, isolated from symptomatic Fragaria x ananassa tissue. Our ...
    • Biotic threats for 23 major non-native tree species in Europe 

      Pötzelsberger, Elisabeth; Gossner, Martin M.; Beenken, Ludwig; Gazda, Anna; Petr, Michal; Ylioja, Tiina; La Porta, Nicola; Avtzis, Dimitrios N.; Bay, Elodie; De Groot, Maarten; Drenkhan, Rein; Duduman, Mihai-Leonard; Enderle, Rasmus; Georgieva, Margarita; Hietala, Ari Mikko; Hoppe, Björn; Jactel, Herve; Jarni, Kristjan; Keren, Srđan; Keseru, Zsolt; Koprowski, Marcin; Kormuťák, Andrej; Lombardero, María Josefa; Lukjanova, Aljona; Marozas, Vitas; Mauri, Edurad; Monteverdi, Maria Cristina; Nygaard, Per Holm; Ogris, Nikica; Olenici, Nicolai; Orazio, Christophe; Perny, Bernhard; Pinto, Glória; Power, Michael; Puchalka, Radoslaw; Ravn, Hans Peter; Sevillano, Ignacio; Stroheker, Sophie; Taylor, Paul; Tsopelas, Panagiotis; Urban, Josef; Voolma, Kaljo; Westergren, Marjana; Witzell, Johanna; Zborovska, Olga; Zlatkovic, Milica (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021-08-06)
      For non-native tree species with an origin outside of Europe a detailed compilation of enemy species including the severity of their attack is lacking up to now. We collected information on native and non-native species ...
    • Bioøkonomiens geografi og geografiske målkonflikter 

      Krøgli, Svein Olav; Debella-Gilo, Misganu; Dramstad, Wenche (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020-09-08)
      The development of a new bioeconomy implies an increased need for renewable biological resources. This means that more of the existing biomass will be har vested and a larger land area is likely to be utilized. While it ...