Now showing items 424-443 of 972

    • Half a degree and rapid socioeconomic development matter for heatwave risk 

      Russo, Simone; Sillmann, Jana; Sippel, Sebastian; Barcikowska, Monika J.; Ghisetti, Claudia; Smid, Marek; O'Neill, Brian (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019-01-11)
      While every society can be exposed to heatwaves, some people suffer far less harm and recover more quickly than others from their occurrence. Here we project indicators of global heatwave risk associated with global warming ...
    • Harmful Effects of Nanoparticles on Animals 

      Exbrayat, Jean-Marie; Moudilou, Elara N.; Lapied, Emmanuel (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Since several years nanoparticles (NPs) are produced by industries and used in several fields of activities. They are finally found in aquatic and terrestrial environments, where they are ingested by living organisms in ...
    • Harmonisation of stem volume estimates in European National Forest Inventories 

      Gschwantner, Thomas; Alberdi, Iciar; Balázs, András; Bauwens, Sébastien; Bender, Susann; Borota, Dragan; Bosela, Michal; Bouriaud, Olivier; Cañellas, Isabel; Donis, Jānis; Freudenschuß, Alexandra; Hervé, Jean-Christophe; Hladnik, David; Jansons, Jurģis; Kolozs, László; Korhonen, Kari T.; Kucera, Milos; Kulbokas, Gintaras; Kuliešis, Andrius; Lanz, Adrian; Lejeune, Philippe; Lind, Torgny; Marin, Gheorghe; Morneau, François; Nagy, Dóra; Nord-Larsen, Thomas; Nunes, Leónia; Pantić, Damjan; Paulo, Joana A.; Pikula, Tomas; Redmond, John; Rego, Francisco Castro; Riedel, Thomas; Saint-André, Laurent; Šebeň, Vladimír; Sims, Allan; Skudnik, Mitja; Solti, György; Tomter, Stein Michael; Twomey, Mark; Westerlund, Bertil; Zell, Jürgen (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019-02-28)
      Key message Volume predictions of sample trees are basic inputs for essential National Forest Inventory (NFI) estimates. The predicted volumes are rarely comparable among European NFIs because of country-specific dbh-thresholds ...
    • Harmonised projections of future forest resources in Europe 

      Vauhkonen, Jari; Berger, Ambros; Gschwantner, Thomas; Schadauer, Klemens; Lejeune, Philippe; Perin, Jérôme; Pitchugin, Mikhail; Adolt, Radim; Zeman, Miroslav; Johannsen, Vivian Kvist; Kepfer-Rojas, Sebastian; Sims, Allan; Bastick, Claire; Morneau, François; Colin, Antoine; Bender, Susann; Kovácsevics, Pál; Solti, György; Kolozs, László; Nagy, Dóra; Nagy, Kinga; Twomey, Mark; Redmond, John; Gasparini, Patrizia; Notarangelo, Monica; Rizzo, Maria; Makovskis, Kristaps; Lazdins, Andis; Lupikis, Ainars; Kulbokas, Gintaras; Antón-Fernández, Clara; Rego, Francisco Castro; Nunes, Leónia; Marin, Gheorghe; Calota, Catalin; Pantić, Damjan; Borota, Dragan; Roessiger, Joerg; Bosela, Michal; Šebeň, Vladimír; Skudnik, Mitja; Adame, Patricia; Alberdi, Iciar; Cañellas, Isabel; Lind, Torgny; Trubins, Renats; Thürig, Esther; Stadelmann, Golo; Ditchburn, Ben; Ross, David; Gilbert, Justin; Halsall, Lesley; Lier, Markus; Packalen, Tuula (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019-07-29)
      • Key message A dataset of forest resource projections in 23 European countries to 2040 has been prepared for forest-related policy analysis and decision-making. Due to applying harmonised definitions, while maintaining ...
    • Harvest is associated with the disruption of social and finescale genetic structure among matrilines of a solitary large carnivore 

      Frank, Shane; Pelletier, Fanie; Kopatz, Alexander; Bourret, Audrey; Garant, Dany; Swenson, Jon; Eiken, Hans Geir; Hagen, Snorre; Zedrosser, Andreas (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020-11-27)
      Harvest can disrupt wildlife populations by removing adults with naturally high survival. This can reshape sociospatial structure, genetic composition, fitness, and potentially affect evolution. Genetic tools can detect ...
    • Have precipitation extremes and annual totals been increasing in the world’s dry regions over the last 60 years? 

      Sippel, Sebastian; Zscheischler, Jakob; Heimann, Martin; Lange, Holger; Mahecha, Miguel D.; van Oldenborgh, Geert Jan; Otto, Friederike E.L.; Reichstein, Markus (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017-01-25)
      Daily precipitation extremes and annual totals have increased in large parts of the global land area over the past decades. These observations are consistent with theoretical considerations of a warming climate. However, ...
    • Health Attitudes, Environmental Attitudes and Vegetable Consumption 

      Gustavsen, Geir Wæhler (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      According to World Health Organization a diet high in vegetables may reduce the risk of coronary heart diseases, stroke, and certain types of cancer. In addition, vegetables have lower carbon footprints than most other ...
    • Heart rate sensor validation and seasonal and diurnal variation of body temperature and heart rate in domestic sheep 

      Fuchs, Boris; Sørheim, Kristin; Chincarini, Matteo; Brunberg, Emma; Stubsjøen, Solveig Marie; Bratbergsengen, Kjell; Hvasshovd, Svein-Olaf; Zimmermann, Barbara; Lande, Unni Støbet; Grøva, Lise (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019-12)
      Advantages of low input livestock production on large pastures, including animal welfare, biodiversity and low production costs are challenged by losses due to undetected disease, accidents and predation. Precision livestock ...
    • Heat stress responses and population genetics of the kelp Laminaria digitata (Phaeophyceae) across latitudes reveal differentiation among North Atlantic populations 

      Liesner, Daniel; Fouqueau, Louise; Valero, Myriam; Roleda, Michael Y.; Pearson, Gareth A.; Bischof, Kai; Valentin, Klaus; Bartsch, Inka (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020-08-17)
      To understand the thermal plasticity of a coastal foundation species across its latitudinal distribution, we assess physiological responses to high temperature stress in the kelp Laminaria digitata in combination with ...
    • Heating Value and Ash Content of Downy Birch Forest Biomass 

      Dibdiakova, Janka; Wang, Liang; Li, Hailong (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017-06-01)
      Biomass from forestry sector provides an important contribution to meet the government's targets for increasing bioenergy production and utilization. Characterization of forest residues is critical for exploiting and ...
    • Helminths associated with terrestrial slugs in some parts of Europe 

      Filipiak, Anna; Haukeland, Solveig; Zając, Kamila S.; Lachowska-Cierlik, Dorota; Hatteland, Bjørn Arild (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020-02-20)
      A survey of helminths associated with terrestrial slugs focusing on the invasive Arion vulgaris and the native A. ater was conducted on populations from France, Germany, Netherlands, Norway and Poland. In total, 648 ...
    • Hepatitis C virus E2 envelope glycoprotein produced in Nicotiana benthamiana triggers humoral response with virus-neutralizing activity in vaccinated mice 

      Dobrica, Mihaela-Olivia; van Eerde, André; Tucureanu, Catalin; Onu, Adrian; Paruch, Lisa; Caras, Iuliana; Vlase, Ene; Steen, Hege; Haugslien, Sissel; Alonzi, Dominic; Zitzmann, Nicole; Bock, Ralph; Dubuisson, Jean; Popescu, Costin-Ioan; Stavaru, Crina; Clarke, Jihong Liu; Branza-Nichita, Norica (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021-05-18)
      Chronic infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV) remains a leading cause of liver-related pathologies and a global health problem, currently affecting more than 71 million people worldwide. The development of a prophylactic ...
    • Herbivory and warming interact in opposing patterns of covariation between arctic shrub species at large and local scales 

      Post, Eric; Cahoon, Sean M. P.; Kerby, Jeffrey T.; Pedersen, Christian; Sullivan, Patrick F. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021-02-09)
      A major challenge in predicting species’ distributional responses to climate change involves resolving interactions between abiotic and biotic factors in structuring ecological communities. This challenge reflects the ...
    • Heritability of head size in a hunted large carnivore, the brown bear (Ursus arctos) 

      Rivrud, Inger Maren; Frank, Shane; Bischof, Richard; Mysterud, Atle; Steyaert, Sam; Hertel, Anne Gabriela; Hagen, Snorre; Eiken, Hans Geir; Swenson, Jon; Zedrosser, Andreas (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Wild animal populations experience selection pressures from both natural and anthropogenic sources. The availability of extensive pedigrees is increasing along with our ability to quantify the heritability and evolvability ...
    • Heterotrophic respiration in drained tropical peat is greatly affected by temperature—a passive ecosystem cooling experiment 

      Jauhiainen, Jyrki; Kerojoki, Otto; Silvennoinen, Hanna Marika; Limin, Suwido; Vasander, Harry (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      Vast areas of deforested tropical peatlands do not receive noteworthy shading by vegetation, which increases the amount of solar radiation reaching the peat surface. Peat temperature dynamics and heterotrophic carbon dioxide ...
    • Hidden in plain sight: a molecular field survey of three wheat leaf blotch fungal diseases in North-Western Europe shows co-infection is widespread 

      Justesen, Annemarie Fejer; Corsi, Beatrice; Ficke, Andrea; Hartl, Lorenz; Holdgate, Sarah; Jørgensen, Lise Nistrup; Lillemo, Morten; Lin, Min; Mackay, Ian J.; Mohler, Volker; Stadlmeier, Melanie; Tan, Kar-Chun; Turner, Judith; Oliver, Richard P.; Cockram, James (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021-05-25)
      Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) yields are commonly affected by foliar infection by fungal pathogens. Of these, three wheat leaf blotch fungal diseases, septoria nodorum blotch (SNB), tan spot (TS) and septoria tritici blotch ...
    • High resistance to climatic variability in a dominant tundra shrub species 

      Gonzalez, Victoria; Moriana Armendariz, Mikel; Hagen, Snorre; Lindgård, Bente; Reiersen, Rigmor; Bråthen, Kari Anne (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019-06-05)
      Climate change is modifying temperature and precipitation regimes across all seasons in northern ecosystems. Summer temperatures are higher, growing seasons extend into spring and fall and snow cover conditions are more ...
    • High tolerance of a high-arctic willow and graminoid to simulated ice encasement 

      Bjerke, Jarle W.; Elverland, Ellen; Jaakola, Laura; Lund, Leidulf; Zagajewski, Bogdan; Bochenek, Zbigniew; Kłos, Andrzej; Tømmervik, Hans (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018-12-17)
      Climate change-induced snow thaw and subsequent accumulation of ice on the ground is a potential, major threat to snow-dominated ecosystems. While impacts of ground-ice on arctic wildlife are well explored, the impacts on ...
    • High-pruning of European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) and pedunculate oak (Quercus robur L.): work efficiency for target pruning as a function of tree species, pruning height, branch characteristics, pole saw type and operator 

      Skovsgaard, Jens Peter; Markmann, Jacob Johan Mohr; Attocchi, Giulia; Talbot, Bruce (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018-02-27)
      The objective of this study was to establish an operational model of productive work time per tree (work efficiency) for high-pruning of young European beech and pedunculate oak depending on tree species, pruning height, ...
    • Highly Clonal Structure and Abundance of One Haplotype Characterise the Diplodia sapinea Populations in Europe and Western Asia 

      Adamson, Kalev; Laas, Marili; Blumenstein, Kathrin; Busskamp, Johanna; Langer, Gitta J.; Klavina, Darta; Kaur, Anu; Maaten, Tiit; Mullett, Martin S.; Müller, Michael M.; Ondrušková, Emília; Padari, Allar; Pilt, Enn; Riit, Taavi; Solheim, Halvor; Soonvald, Liina; Tedersoo, Leho; Terhonen, Eeva; Drenkhan, Rein (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021-08-04)
      Diplodia sapinea is a cosmopolitan endophyte and opportunistic pathogen having occurred on several conifer species in Europe for at least 200 years. In Europe, disease outbreaks have increased on several Pinus spp. in the ...