Composition and spatial structure of dwarf shrub heath in Norway
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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- Vitenskapelige artikler 
Original versionAune-Lundberg, L., & Strand, G. H. (2017). Composition and spatial structure of dwarf shrub heath in Norway. Norsk Geografisk Tidsskrift-Norwegian Journal of Geography, 71(1), 1-11. 10.1080/00291951.2017.1291536
Detailed descriptions of individual vegetation types shown on vegetation maps can improve the ways in which the composition and spatial structure within the types are understood. The authors therefore examined dwarf shrub heath, a vegetation type covering large areas and found in many parts of the Norwegian mountains. They used data from point samples obtained in a wall-to-wall area frame survey. The point sampling method provided data that gave a good understanding of the composition and structure of the vegetation type, but also revealed a difference between variation within the vegetation type itself (intra-class variation) and variation resulting from the inclusion of other types of vegetation inside the map polygons (landscape variation). Intra-class variation reflected differences in the botanical composition of the vegetation type itself, whereas landscape variation represented differences in the land-cover composition of the broader landscape in which the vegetation type was found. Both types of variation were related to environmental gradients. The authors conclude that integrated point sampling method is an efficient way to achieve increased understanding of the content of a vegetation map and can be implemented as a supporting activity during a survey.