Now showing items 121-140 of 1040

    • Calibration of the EU-Rotate_N model with measured C and N mineralization from potential fertilizers and evaluation of its prediction of crop and soil data from a vegetable field trial 

      Øvsthus, Ingunn; Thorup-Kristensen, Kristian; Seljåsen, Randi; Riley, Hugh; Dörsch, Peter; Breland, Tor Arvid (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021-06-27)
      Mechanistic models are useful tools for understanding and taking account of the complex, dynamic processes such as carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) turnover in soil and crop growth. In this study, the EU-Rotate_N model was first ...
    • Can aphids be controlled by fungus? A mathematical model 

      Britton, Nicholas F.; Bulai, Iulia Martina; Saussure, Stephanie; Holst, Niels; Venturino, Ezio (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019-06-21)
      The control of insect pests in agriculture is essential for food security. Chemical controls typically damage the environment and harm beneficial insects such as pollinators, so it is advantageous to identify targetted ...
    • Canopy fluorescence sensing for in-season maize nitrogen status diagnosis 

      Dong, Rui; Miao, Yuxin; Wang, Xinbing; Yuan, Fei; Kusnierek, Krzysztof (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021-12-17)
      Accurate assessment of crop nitrogen (N) status and understanding the N demand are considered essential in precision N management. Chlorophyll fluorescence is unsusceptible to confounding signals from underlying bare soil ...
    • Carbon castles and insect invaders: dissecting physical defences in conifer stems 

      Krokene, Paal (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
    • Caring for the horse in a cold climate — Reviewing principles for thermoregulation and horse preferences 

      Mejdell, Cecilie Marie; Bøe, Knut Egil; Jørgensen, Grete Helen Meisfjord (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020-06-30)
      In the Nordic countries, permanent outdoor housing of horses in winter is gaining popularity. This practice will expose the horses to harsh weather conditions. However, horses that are kept indoors at night and turned out ...
    • Carnivore Management Zones and their Impact on Sheep Farming in Norway 

      Strand, Geir-Harald; Hansen, Inger; de Boon, Auvikki Ilmarar Bjerka; Sandström, Camilla (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019-10-17)
      We investigated the impact of Norway’s current zonal carnivore management system for four large carnivore species on sheep farming. Sheep losses increased when the large carnivores were reintroduced, but has declined again ...
    • Carotenoid metabolism during bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) fruit development under different light conditions is regulated by biosynthesis and degradation 

      Karppinen, Katja; Zoratti, Laura; Sarala, Marian; Carvalho, Elisabete; Hirsimäki, Jenni; Mentula, Helmi; Martens, Stefan; Häggman, Hely; Jaakola, Laura (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Background: Carotenoids are important pigments and precursors for central signaling molecules associated in fruit development and ripening. Carotenoid metabolism has been studied especially in the climacteric tomato fruit ...
    • Catchment effects of a future Nordic bioeconomy: From land use to water resources 

      Skarbøvik, Eva; Jordan, Philip; Lepistö, Ahti; Kronvang, Brian; Stutter, Marc; Vermaat, Jan (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020-09-14)
      In the future, the world is expected to rely increasingly on renewable biomass resources for food, fodder, fibre and fuel. The sustainability of this transition to bioeconomy for our water systems depends to a large extent ...
    • Catchment Hydrology during Winter and Spring and the Link to Soil Erosion: A Case Study in Norway 

      Starkloff, Torsten; Hessel, Rudi; Stolte, Jannes; Ritsema, Coen J (Journal article, 2017-02-23)
      In the Nordic countries, soil erosion rates in winter and early spring can exceed those at other times of the year. In particular, snowmelt, combined with rain and soil frost, leads to severe soil erosion, even, e.g., in ...
    • Cattle Horn Shavings: A Possible Nitrogen Source for Apple Trees 

      Lanauskas, Juozas; Uselis, Nobertas; Buskiene, Loreta; Mazeika, Romas; Staugaitis, Gediminas; Kviklys, Darius (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021-03-12)
      The circular economy concept promotes the recycling of agricultural waste. This study was aimed at investigating the effects of cattle horn shavings on apple tree nitrogen nutrition. Ligol apple trees on P 60 rootstock ...
    • Ceased grazing management changes the ecosystem services of semi-natural grasslands 

      Johansen, Line; Taugourdeau, Simon; Hovstad, Knut Anders; Wehn, Sølvi (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Understanding how drivers of change affect ecosystem services (ES) is of great importance. Indicators of ES can be developed based on biophysical measures and be used to investigate the service flow from ecosystems to ...
    • Cell wall changes during brown rot degradation of furfurylated and acetylated wood 

      Thygesen, Lisbeth G.; Beck, Greeley; Nagy, Nina Elisabeth; Alfredsen, Gry (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021-05-30)
      This study explores cell wall changes in Radiata pine (Pinus radiata) after modification with acetylation or furfurylation and subsequent prolonged subjection to the brown rot fungus R. placenta with the aim of better ...
    • A century of National Forest Inventory in Norway – informing past, present, and future decisions 

      Breidenbach, Johannes; Granhus, Aksel; Hylen, Gro; Eriksen, Rune; Astrup, Rasmus Andreas (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020-07-17)
      Past: In the early twentieth century, forestry was one of the most important sectors in Norway and an agitated discussion about the perceived decline of forest resources due to over-exploitation was ongoing. To base the ...
    • Cereal straw mulching in strawberry—A facilitator of plant visits by edaphic predatory mites at night? 

      Esteca, Fernanda de Cássia Neves; Trandem, Nina; Klingen, Ingeborg; Santos, Jandir Cruz; Delalibera Júnior, Italo; de Moraes, Gilberto José (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020-06-13)
      In Norway, strawberry producers use cereal straw mulching to prevent berries from contacting the soil and to control weeds. We hypothesized that organic matter such as straw mulch also favors the maintenance of predatory ...
    • Cereal yield gaps across Europe 

      Schils, Rene; Olesen, Jørgen E.; Kersebaum, Kurt-Christian; Rijk, Bert; Oberforster, Michael; Kalyada, Valery; Khitrykau, Maksim; Gobin, Anne; Kirchev, Hristofor; Manolova, Vanya; Manolov, Ivan; Trnka, Mirek; Hlavinka, Petr; Palosuo, Taru; Peltonen-Sainio, Pirjo; Jauhianen, Lauri; Lorgeou, Josiane; Marrou, Helene; Danalatos, Nikos; Archontoulis, Sotirios; Fodor, Nandor; Spink, John; Roggero, Pier Paolo; Bassu, Simona; Pulina, Antonio; Seehusen, Till; Uhlen, Anne Kjersti; Zylowska, Katarzyna; Nierobca, Anna; Kozyra, Jerzy; Silva, Joao Vasco; Macas, Benvindo Martins; Coutinho, José; Ion, Viorel; Takác, Jozef; Minguez, M. Ines; Eckersten, Henrik; Levy, Lilia; Herrera, Juan Manuel; Hiltbrunner, Jurg; Kryvobok, Oleksii; Kryvoshein, Oleksandr; Sylvester-Bradley, Roger; Kindered, Daniel; Topp, Cairistiona F.E.; Boogaard, Hendrik; Groot, Hugo de; Lesschen, Jan Peter; Bussel, Lenny van; Wolf, Joost; Zijlstra, Mink; van Loon, Marloes P.; van Ittersum, Martin K (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018-09-18)
    • Challenges and prospects of plant-derived oral vaccines against hepatitis b and c viruses 

      Pantazica, Ana-Maria Madalina; Cucos, Lia-Maria; Stavaru, Crina; Clarke, Jihong Liu; Branza-Nichita, Norica (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021-09-28)
      Hepatitis B and C viruses chronically affect approximately 3.5% of the global population, causing more than 800,000 deaths yearly due to severe liver pathogenesis. Current HBV vaccines have significantly contributed to the ...
    • Challenges of Reducing Phosphorus Based Water Eutrophication in the Agricultural Landscapes of Northwest Europe 

      Bol, Roland; Gruau, Gerard; Mellander, Per-Erik; Dupas, Remi; Bechmann, Marianne; Skarbøvik, Eva; Bieroza, Magdalena; Djodjic, Faruk; Glendell, Miriam; Jordan, Philip; van der Grift, Bas; Rode, Michael; Smolders, Erik; Verbeeck, Mieke; Gu, Sen; Klumpp, Erwin; Pohle, Ina; Fresne, Maelle; Gascuel-Odoux, Chantal (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018-08-23)
      In this paper, we outline several recent insights for the priorities and challenges for future research for reducing phosphorus (P) based water eutrophication in the agricultural landscapes of Northwest Europe.We highlight ...
    • Changes in relative molecular weight distribution of soluble barley beta-glucan during passage through the small intestine of pigs 

      Holtekjølen, Ann Katrin; Vhile, Stine Gregersen; Sahlstrøm, Stefan; Knutsen, Svein Halvor; Uhlen, Anne Kjersti; Åssveen, Mauritz; Kjos, Nils Petter (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
    • Changes in subarctic vegetation after one century of land use and climate change 

      Kapfer, Jutta; Popova, Ksenia (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-12-27)
      Questions Have species richness and composition in subarctic vegetation changed over the past ca. 90 years? Are compositional shifts linked to changes in land management or climate? Are observed changes associated with ...
    • Changes in the Proanthocyanidin Composition and Related Gene Expression in Bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) Tissues 

      Suvanto, Jussi; Karppinen, Katja; Riihinen, Kaisu; Jaakola, Laura; Salminen, Juha-Pekka (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020-06-16)
      Berries of genus Vaccinium are rich in flavonoids and proanthocyanidins (PAs). We studied the PA composition and biosynthesis in bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) tissues and during fruit development. Soluble PAs, analyzed ...